Va. governor declines to sign parole board bill, recommends key change
Gov. Glenn Youngkin wants the law to require the Virginia Parole Board to notify local prosecutors before an inmate is paroled
By Peter Dujardin
RICHMOND, Va. — Gov. Glenn Youngkin declined this week to sign a bill making wholesale changes to the Virginia Parole Board — seeking to add a requirement that prosecutors be notified in advance about an inmate’s potential release.
Youngkin didn’t have a problem with the legislation’s main thrust — scrapping the board’s long-standing exemption under the Virginia Freedom of Information Act and requiring the five-member board to make its parole decisions in public.
But rather than signing the measure into law by Monday night’s deadline, Youngkin recommended a tweak that would require the board to ask prosecutors for their thoughts early in the process.
As part of an investigation into an inmate’s potential parole, the recommendation says, the top prosecutor “in each jurisdiction in which an offense occurred” must be notified in advance.
That prosecutor “may submit input to the Board regarding the impact the release of the inmate will have on the jurisdiction,” the recommendation says. Whatever the prosecutor submits must remain in the inmate’s parole board file for any future board hearings.
Youngkin’s proposal likewise called for the local victim/witness advocate’s office — typically part of the prosecutor’s office but sometimes part of sheriff’s offices — be given a chance to weigh in.
The General Assembly will consider Youngkin’s recommendations — on this bill and many others — at a special session April 12.
Under existing state law, imprisoned inmates can’t be freed on parole unless the board makes a thorough investigation into their history and conduct — and whether their release is compatible “with the interests of society.”
The law requires that crime victims are notified before the parole board votes, with the victims and families allowed to submit evidence about the impact the inmate’s release will have on them.
“The Board shall endeavor diligently to contact the victim prior to making any decision to release any inmate on discretionary parole,” current law says.
But the law is less stringent for keeping prosecutors informed.
Prosecutors must be notified in advance about a potential release only “if additional victim research is necessary” — in other words, if the board needs help finding a victim.
After voting to free a prisoner, the Parole Board must notify local prosecutors of that decision at least 21 business days prior to the inmate’s release. (The Department of Corrections must separately provide notice to police and sheriff’s offices).
The recent Parole Board legislation — including the push to force the agency to operate in public after many decades of secrecy — comes on the heels of a scandal stemming from the release of more than 130 inmates at the start of the pandemic in March and April of 2020.
The board under former Chairwoman Adrianne L. Bennett was criticized for releasing so many inmates convicted of violent crimes — including a man sentenced to life in the 1979 killing of a popular Richmond police officer.
But the board was further criticized for its missteps along the way, including failing to keep many victims’ families properly informed of releases in advance of the decision and often not telling prosecutors about an impending release.
But current Parole Board Chairman Chadwick Dotson, a retired judge, said in a January report to Youngkin that the board is now keeping victims notified early in cases in which parole appears even a remote possibility.
“This is also the moment when we reach out to Commonwealth’s Attorneys, seeking their input,” the report said. “Based on feedback we are receiving, (prosecutors) and Victim-Witness Coordinators feel like they’re ‘in the loop’ on (Parole Board) decisions.”
Youngkin’s press spokeswoman, Macaulay Porter, wrote in a text message Wednesday that after “the previous administration’s parole board scandals,” the governor “has been committed to implementing ... changes that provide increased information to victims and families and increase transparency.”
Williamsburg-James City County Commonwealth’s Attorney Nate Green said he’s now getting far more notices from the Parole Board now. “We’re seeing pretty dramatic change in the past couple of years,” Green said.
“In the past, we weren’t consistently getting notice that individuals were getting ready to be paroled,” he said. “I very rarely ever saw anything from the Parole Board saying ‘Hey, we are considering this individual for parole, would you like to provide any comment?’”
“If we got a notification, it would be after the decision had been made, and the decision really couldn’t be changed,” Green added.
He said prosecutors around the state complained to Dotson, and he promised to address the issue. “I would say that he has addressed it,” Green said. “Over the last couple of years, we have seen a much stronger effort in making sure that the prosecutors are given an opportunity to provide input.”
Putting that policy change into law, Green said, ”is a good idea.”
According to Porter, Youngkin wants to “ensure that future parole boards will uphold the same standards as recommended by the current parole board.”
Sen. Joe Morrissey, D-Richmond, who sponsored the Parole Board legislation in the Senate, couldn’t be reached for comment on Youngkin’s recommendation.